Eine Einstellung zur Arbeit

Labour in a Single Shot


Tel Aviv|Israel

Statistical Data

Google entries for Tel Aviv (+ hebr.) 120.600.000
Google entries per inhabitant 308,99

City founding 1909

Surface area
City 52 km²
Urban 176 km²
Metro 1,516 km²

Inhabitant / City 403.700 (2009)
Inhabitant / agglomeration 3.340.850 (2009)
Population density / city 5.576 inh. / km²

Greater Tel Aviv (Gusch Dan) is Israel’s biggest agglomeration area: 44% of Israel’s population lives here.
33% of the population are between 18 and 35.

Religions 92% Jews

Level of religiosity
austerely religios
| Jerusalem 29% | Tel Aviv 2%
secular | Jerusalem 19% | Tel Aviv 59%

Language Hebrew

Tel Aviv is the capital city of singles
Unmarried, age 25-29
Men 83%
Women 71%

Max. temperatures Ø24
Min. temperatures Ø 16,4
Rainfall / year (mm) 530,3
Days of rain 57,1

Registered vehicels (2008) 250.000

Every day ca. 500.000 vehicles commute to Tel Aviv

Motorisation (2009) 469 private vehicles / 1.000 inh.
Average age of vehicle 4,8 years
Average age of vehicle in Jerusalem 8,3 years

Public Transport
Israel has one of lowest rates of public transport use among developed nations. Less than 30% of Israelis use public transit.

In February, the Tel Aviv municipality approved a resolution to petition the transport ministry to allow public transport to operate in the city on Shabbat (the Sabbath), but the idea was rejected outright by the transport minister Yisrael Katz. This week, members of the leftwing Meretz party took the case to the high court, arguing that Katz is obliged by Israeli law to consider the proposal.

Daily travellers by bus 214,288

Tel Aviv Light Rail (N.T.A. – Metropolitan Mass Transit System Ltd.)
Work on the Red Line, the first in the project, started on September 21, 2011, following years of preparatory works and numerous delays. In September 2011 – after several years of preparation and many delays – the construction work began on the first segment of the red line. The main part of the route is underground. The construction work on this segment is supposed to be finished in 2017.

Each day, 1 million people work in the city, and 540,000 vehicles enter from the suburbs. By 2030, there will be 1.42 million daily travelers, and without N.T.A.’s transport project, traffic in Greater Tel Aviv will become impossible.

Economic rankings
GDP (2008) 122 bn. EUR
GDP geschätzt 2025 191 bn. USD = ca. 118 bn. EUR
Global city GDP rankings 2008-2025”. Pricewaterhouse Coopers;

Workplaces (2009)
371,700 (13% of Israel’s employees)
36% of the employees are living in the city
56% of the employees are living in an metropolitan area
55% of all of Israel’s banc employees are living in Tel Aviv

Enterprises per 1000 inhabitants
Israel 62
Jerusalem 44
Tel Aviv 160

50.000 enterprises are registered in Tel Aviv

Monthly average income (2010)
Israel 8.600 NIS = ca. 1.720 EUR
Jerusalem 7.300 NIS = ca. 1.460 EUR
Tel Aviv 10.200 NIS = ca. 2.040 EUR

Monthly average household expenses per person
Israel 4.000 NIS = ca. 800 EUR
Jerusalem 3.200 NIS = ca. 640 EUR
Tel Aviv 6.700 NIS = ca. 1.340 EUR

Informal Work
According to the Labor Department's follow up, there are currently 72,000 Palestinian workers in Israel (including 40,000 illegal workers), which comes to a total of around 120,000 legal and illegal workers, according to the Palestinian authority. Israeli defense authorities, in turn, estimate 60,000 illegal migrants and another 20,000 working in the settlements. The figures for labor migrants from other countries indicated by the Ministry of Labour and the Statistical Office, consistently shows 140,000 (half of them illegal), while Kav la'Oved assumes that the number of illegals alone is 141,000: They come from Jordan / Egypt / Morocco (30,000), the former Soviet Union (30,000), Philippines / Thailand (25,000), Romania (15,000), Chile / Colombia / Ecuador / Brazil (12,000), China / India / Sri Lanka (10,000), Black Africa (10,000), Bulgaria / Hungary / Poland (5,000) and Turkey (4,000). Along with the 60,000 illegally employed Palestinians, there are approximately 200,000 undocumented workers, or nearly 10 percent of total employment. Entire industries in Israel currently live off migrant workers. This particularly effects the health and care sector, and not only in the private sphere, which primarily employs maids from the Philippines, but also the professional sector, which is operated mainly by doctors and nurses from the former Soviet Union. Other branches which typically make use of the 'migration industry' are construction companies and the service sector, not to mention the large and profitable cleaning industry.

There is no official information for Tel-Aviv. These figures are based on calculation

Calculation for Tel Aviv, 2012
The central trade union federation Histadrut has about 450,000 members.
44% of Israel's population live in the metropolitan area, Tel Aviv.
44% of 450,000
Most workers in Israel (including nearly all "guest workers") are not organized in trade unions.

General strike
February 8th, 2012: 500,000

Tel Aviv (Press TV) - Today in Israel, a general strike has paralyzed public life. Train services came to a virtual standstill, and authorities of the municipality, schools, banks, post offices, airports and markets remained closed. Hospitals accepted emergencies only.
The unions have responded in this manner after negotiations last night between the Histadrut trade union federation and the Ministry of Finance were aborted. About half a million workers in the private and public sector are reported to have participated in the strike. The strikers accuse Netanyahu's government of being unable to improve social conditions for workers and employees. However, Netanyahu described the walkouts as destructive. He explained that the strike will not help in solving the problems. Instead, the strike will only further weaken the already difficult state of the Israeli economy.

Number of protesters, 2011
The protests began on July 14th, 2011, after the filmmaker Daphni Leef was forced to vacate her apartment in Tel Aviv. Unable to find alternative affordable housing, she decided to pitch her tent directly on the median strip of the Rothschild boulevard, and wrote on Facebook: "I have no home, can't afford a new one, and am going to demonstrate on Rothschild Boulevard in a tent. Who's coming with me?" Within a week, several hundred demonstrators came together. By the beginning of August, the tent city had reached 1.5 kilometers in length.

On July 24th, 20,000 people in Tel Aviv demonstrated for affordable housing. On July 30th, over 100,000 people nationwide took to the streets.
Alongside the issue of increasing rents, other problems have been voiced, such as the deterioration of health care and the education system. Histadrut labor union has supported the protesters, announcing a general strike. In August, the demonstrations grew from 200,000 to 350,000 people, making it the largest protest movement in the last four decades. In addition to Tel Aviv, many other cities held rallies. Arab Israelis also joined the demonstrations.
Planned for September 3rd, a demonstration titled March of a Million was announced. In the largest demonstration in Israeli history, between 300,000 to 500,000 protesters took to the streets of Tel Aviv, and a further 150,000 across the country.
On September 6th the Municipality of Tel Aviv distributed leaflets, announcing that the tent cities would be evacuated by Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. Contrary to prior agreements, city officials and police removed tents as soon as the following night, although many of them were still being occupied. The mayor of Tel Aviv replied that it was not a matter of demolition, but of cleanup.

Percentage of population below the poverty line
Israel 24%
Jerusalem 34%
Tel Aviv 12%

Living Expenses
Necessary number of working hours required for the purchase of... 
1 Big Mac min. 24
1kg bread min. 16
1kg rice min. 19
1 iPod nano hours 22

Prices (in EUR)
12 eggs 2,95,-
1 kg tomatoes 1,29,-
bread for 2 people (1 day) 1,40,-    
0,5 l beer in the super market 1,75,-
1 l milk 1,29,-
cleaning woman (1 h) 8,30,-
monthly rent for a 85 qm-flat
in an expensive neighbourhood 1.217,-
1 l petrol 1,55,-                      
monthly ticket for public transport 48,-
cab drive (8 km) 10,42,-

“Best gay city in the World 2011”
“Gay capital of the middle east”
“The third hottest city for 2011”
“Unter den Top-10 der weltbesten Strand-Städte”
“The Capital of Mediterranean Cool”

Foreign hotel guests (2011)
Jerusalem 948,000
Tel Aviv 740,800

450 bars and clubs, 1.800 cafés and restaurants, ca. 100.000 staff members in the nightlife sector.